# Add and Subtract Radicals

How to add and subtract radicals: 2 examples and their solutions.

## Example3√2 + 2√5 + 5√2 - 8√5

Before solving this,

let's see what like radicals are.

Like radicals are the terms

that have the same radical.

In this expression,

3√2 and +5√2 are like radicals,

because they have the same radical √2.

By the same way,

+2√5 and -8√5 are like radicals,

because they have the same radical √5.

Only like radicals

can be directly added or subtracted

by adding or subtracting their coefficients.

3√2 and +5√2 are like radicals.

So 3√2 + 5√2 = (3 + 5)√2.

+2√5 and -8√5 are like radicals.

So +2√5 - 8√5 = (2 - 8)√5.

This is just like adding and subtracting

the terms of a polynomial.

3 + 5 = 8

2 - 8 = -6

So 8√2 - 6√5 is the answer.

## Example√50 + √18 - √2

The given radicals

don't have the same radical part.

So these radicals are unlike radicals.

To add and subtract these unlike radicals,

change these unlike radicals to like radicals

by simplifying √50 and √18.

Change 50 and 18 to their prime factorizations:

50 = 5⋅10 = 5⋅5⋅2 = 2⋅5^{2}

18 = 3⋅6 = 3⋅3⋅2 = 2⋅3^{2}.

Take the squared factors, 5 and 3,

out from their square roots.

Simplify a Radical

5√2, +3√2, and -√2 are all like radicals.

So 5√2 + 3√2 - √2 = (5 + 3 - 1)√2.

5 + 3 - 1 = 7

So 7√2 is the answer.